Using Linux

Step by step using Linux operation system, this step by step using Linux operating system base on Linux Fedora operating system.

Step by step How to Enable root login on Fedora 10


Enable root log in and Login as root user on Linux Fedora 10


   How to log in as root user on Linux fedora 10???  The answer: You cannot login as root user on Fedora start from Linux Fedora 10.  The new Fedora 10 disable root user login... but if you still want to log in as root user... who gonna to stop you... that is your Linux Fedora box... you are her master... but ... it is not recommended to log in as root user.. this is the fact.. The step by step procedure below show the configuration Linux Fedora 10 to accept root login, this article show how to edit the configuration file in order to enable root login on Linux Fedora 10.


Check Linux File Type and File Format using file Command and ls Command


Using ls command to show file type.


   The Linux operating system using the file type to identify and check its file format.  The simple way to check the file type of any files on Linux system is using the ls command and file command.  The example below demonstrate the use of the ls command and the file command to identify Linux file type.


Note:  On the file permission section, the first character indicates the file type:

    -     <=    Linux regular file

Reconfigure Fedora or Configure Fedora Linux using Firstboot Program


   The firstboot is the program that run after successful Fedora installation... The firstboot program display Fedora configuration screen.  This enable us to configure and setting up language, display welcome screen, display licensing...  enable us choose keyboard layout, create root password, setup networking, configure security level, configure time zone, setting date, create user, configure soundcard, configure up2date, and display additional cds screen.  The article below show the step by step using the Firstboot program to to reconfigure or configure fedora Linux. 


Check Shell Type Currently Use and Check Shell Version on Linux Fedora


   How to check current Shell type that you are in or currently use on Linux Fedora... and how to check the Shell version on Linux Fedora...  The article below show the step by step to check the current Shell that you use and how display the shell version on Linux Fedora 9. 


The command example below can be use to display the current Shell that you are in.

Check shell type on Linux Fedora

[root@fedora ~]# echo $SHELL

smartctl Tool to Check Hard Disk Drive Health Status using SMART on Linux Fedora


smartctl Tool to Check Hard Disk Drive Health Status using SMART on Linux Fedora


   The step by step command example below show the process of using SMART disk monitoring tool that provide us with the information of overall hard disk health status.  The SMART it self stand for Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Tool and on Linux Fedora, the smartctl command is use to display and manipulate SMART.  The step by step example below show how to use smartctl command to enable SMART and disable SMART on the hard disk drives and the example below also show the use the smartctl command to get hard disk drive health status.


Change default boot up runlevel Linux Fedora and edit inittab configuration file


Change default boot up runlevel for Linux Fedora using inittab configuration file


    Change the default boot up runlevel from GUI (Graphical user interface) to text base user interface on Linux Fedora 9. This step by step article is design to make user to batter understanding the implementation of runlevel and inittab setting in Linux Fedora system.  For Linux Fedora 9 the inittab configurations file is only use by upstart for the default runlevel only, other configuration and setting that use to be in the inittab configuration file is now located in /etc/event.d/ directory.


Enable Fedora Firewall Configuration


Enable and Configure Fedora Firewall - Basic Configuration.


   Below article show step by step to invoke the graphical Fedora Firewall configuration tools and then configure fedora firewall basic setting and then enable the Firewall on Fedora system.


   To reconfigure the setting of Fedora firewall you need to start by opening  the Fedora Firewall setting. 


[root@fedora ~]# /usr/bin/system-config-firewall

Permanently Change Hostname on Fedora


Change Fedora Hostname.


   On the installation process of Fedora, you named you Fedora machine.  Then one Monday morning you decide to change the hostname to something else.  The step by step procedure below show the simples way to change hostname on Fedora machine.


1.  Display your fedora box hostname by execute the hostname command.

[root@localhost ~]# hostname

Add Software in Fedora using Add/Remove Software.


Install or Add Software in Fedora using Add/Remove Software Package Manager.


  After installing and running Fedora, you might want to install additional software to the system.  The article below show the step by step to add software or install software in fedora using Add/Remove Software package manager.  Please note that to add software to the system you need to have the root password or log in as root in the system.


1.  Click on the Fedora Application menu bar, and then click on Add/Remove Software.

Using Firefox browser to explore Linux Fedora directory and open file.


Explore Linux directory using Firefox web browser.


   The step by step below show the process of using Firefox web browser to browse local Linux Fedora directory to open file in the web browser windows. 


1.  Open Firefox/Mozilla web browser by click on the icon on the task bar.

2.  After the Firefox web browser fully loading, click on the File on the browser taskbar, then click Open File.


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